District of Columbia
ends in 2016
Barack Hussein Obama II (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/En-us-Barack-Hussein-Obama.ogg">http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3b/Speakerlink-new.svg/11px-Speakerlink-new.svg.png" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3b/Speakerlink-new.svg/17px-Speakerlink-new.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3b/Speakerlink-new.svg/22px-Speakerlink-new.svg.png 2x" width="11" height="11" />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:En-us-Barack-Hussein-Obama.ogg">ihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English">/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">bhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">əhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">ˈhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">rhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">ɑːhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">k http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">hhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">uːhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">ˈhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">shttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">eɪhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">n http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">oʊhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">ˈhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">bhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">ɑːhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">mhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English#Key">əhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_English">/; born August 4, 1961) is the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Presidents_of_the_United_States">44th and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presidency_of_Barack_Obama">current President of the United States, the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_African-American_firsts">first http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_American">African American to hold the office. Born in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honolulu,_Hawaii">Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbia_University">Columbia University and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard_Law_School">Harvard Law School, where he was president of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard_Law_Review">Harvard Law Review. He was a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_organizing">community organizer in Chicago before earning his http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juris_Doctor">law degree. He worked as a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_and_political_rights">civil rights attorney in Chicago and taught http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitutional_law">constitutional law at the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Chicago_Law_School">University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. He http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illinois_Senate_career_of_Barack_Obama">served three terms representing the 13th District in the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illinois_Senate">Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illinois%27s_1st_congressional_district_election,_2000">running unsuccessfully for the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_House_of_Representatives">United States House of Representatives in 2000.
In 2004, Obama received national attention during his http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Senate_election_in_Illinois,_2004">campaign to represent Illinois in the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Senate">United States Senate with his victory in the Marchhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Party_(United_States)">Democratic Party primary, his http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2004_Democratic_National_Convention_keynote_address">keynote address at the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2004_Democratic_National_Convention">Democratic National Convention in July, and his election to the Senate in November. He began his presidential campaign in 2007, and in 2008, after http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama_presidential_primary_campaign,_2008">a close primary campaign against http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillary_Rodham_Clinton">Hillary Rodham Clinton, he won sufficient delegates in thehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Party_presidential_primaries,_2008">Democratic Party primaries to receive the presidential nomination. He then defeated http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republican_Party_(United_States)">Republican nominee http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_McCain">John McCain in the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_2008">general election, and washttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_inauguration_of_Barack_Obama">inaugurated as president on January 20, 2009. Nine months later, Obama was named the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2009_Nobel_Peace_Prize">2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. He was http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_2012">re-elected president in November 2012, defeating Republican nominee http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitt_Romney">Mitt Romney, and was http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_inauguration_of_Barack_Obama">sworn in for a second term on January 20, 2013.
Early in his first term in office, Obama signed into law http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stimulus_(economics)">economic stimulus legislation in response to the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Recession">Great Recession in the form of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Recovery_and_Reinvestment_Act_of_2009">American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tax_Relief,_Unemployment_Insurance_Reauthorization,_and_Job_Creation_Act_of_2010">Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010. Other major domestic initiatives in his presidency include the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patient_Protection_and_Affordable_Care_Act">Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, often referred to as “Obamacare”; the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodd%E2%80%93Frank_Wall_Street_Reform_and_Consumer_Protection_Act">Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act; the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don%27t_Ask,_Don%27t_Tell_Repeal_Act_of_2010">Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Repeal Act of 2010; the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budget_Control_Act_of_2011">Budget Control Act of 2011; and the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Taxpayer_Relief_Act_of_2012">American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012. In May 2012, he became the first sitting U.S. president to publicly support http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Same-sex_marriage_in_the_United_States">same-sex marriage and in 2013 his administration filed briefs which urged the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Supreme_Court">Supreme Court to strike down the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defense_of_Marriage_Act_of_1996">Defense of Marriage Act of 1996 and California’s http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proposition_8">Proposition 8 as unconstitutional. In foreign policy, Obama http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Withdrawal_of_U.S._troops_from_Iraq">ended U.S. military involvement in the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_War">Iraq War, increased troop levels in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_in_Afghanistan_(2001%E2%80%93present)">Afghanistan, signed the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_START">New START arms control treaty with Russia, ordered http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_military_intervention_in_Libya">U.S. military involvement in Libya, and ordered the military operation that resulted in the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Osama_bin_Laden">death of Osama bin Laden.